A holistic health assessment goes beyond focusing solely on physical health. It also addresses emotional, mental and spiritual health. The whole condition of the patient is taken into consideration for ongoing wellness across the lifespan. The development of a relationship with the patient begins with open, therapeutic communication. This supportive, non-judgmental method of assessment recognizes that the patient's stress levels, diet and relationship issues can often exacerbate many ailments.
A holistic health assessment allows the nurse to gain information essential for diagnosis, planning and implementation. It shows respect for the patient's preferences and preserves the patient's dignity. The six aspects of a holistic assessment include:
- Physiological: Complete a physical assessment.
- Psychological: Review potential stressors that might exacerbate the ailment.
- Sociological: Discuss family networks and who can help at home.
- Developmental: Consider how psychosocial and cognitive development may affect the patient's response to the health issue.
- Spiritual: Respectfully ask about religious and spiritual practices and determine if nursing care will need to be altered.
- Cultural: Discuss special diet, values or culture-specific requests.out your business here.